Alternate Installation Methods

For production installations, we recommend installing oVirt using the graphical Cockpit installer in the Self-Hosted Engine configuration. In this configuration, oVirt Engine and a Host are installed together with the Engine running as a Virtual Machine on that Host. This configuration is preferred because the Engine Virtual Machine will be highly available (once a second Host is added).

However, if you prefer to run oVirt Engine standalone on physical hardware or another virtualization provider, you can install oVirt Engine and Nodes / Hosts separately.

oVirt 4.3.4 is intended for production use and is available for the following platforms:

  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6 or later
  • CentOS Linux 7.6 or later
  • Scientific Linux 7.6 or later

Install oVirt Engine using RPM

oVirt Engine is installed using RPM packages on a supported Enterprise Linux 7 distribution, such as CentOS Linux or Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Users can also compile from source, using the guides found under the Developers section. This is not recommended unless you are a developer or need to customize the source code.

Important: You cannot skip a version when updating oVirt Engine. For example, if you are updating from 3.6 to 4.3, you first need to update to 4.0, then to 4.1, 4.2 and finally to 4.3. (Host upgrades can use the oVirt Fast Forward Upgrade tool.) If you are updating from a previous version, be sure to have the latest release repository installed by running
sudo yum install https://resources.ovirt.org/pub/yum-repo/ovirt-release43.rpm.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS Linux

  1. Enable the Base, Optional, and Extra repositories (Red Hat Enterprise Linux only):

    # RHEL only -- they are enabled by default on CentOS
    subscription-manager repos --enable="rhel-7-server-rpms"
    subscription-manager repos --enable="rhel-7-server-optional-rpms"
    subscription-manager repos --enable="rhel-7-server-extras-rpms"
    
  2. Add the official oVirt repository.

    sudo yum install https://resources.ovirt.org/pub/yum-repo/ovirt-release43.rpm
    
  3. Install oVirt Engine.

    sudo yum install -y ovirt-engine
    
  4. Set up oVirt Engine.

    sudo engine-setup
    
  5. Follow the prompts to configure and install the Engine.

  6. Once the installation completes, oVirt's web UI management interface will start and the URL will be printed to the screen. Browse to this URL to begin using oVirt!

    See Browsers and Mobile Clients for supported browsers and mobile client information.

Download oVirt Node or Setup Hosts

You must now install at least one Node or Host to act as hypervisors. Enterprise features like migration and high availability require more than one Host.

oVirt supports two types of Hosts:

Depending on your environment requirements, you may want to use only oVirt Nodes, only EL Hosts, or both.

Download oVirt Node

oVirt Node is a minimal operating system based on CentOS that is designed to provide a simple method for setting up a physical machine to act as a hypervisor in an oVirt environment.

  1. Download the oVirt Node Installation ISO (current stable is oVirt Node 4.3 - Stable Release - Installation ISO)

  2. Write the oVirt Node Installation ISO disk image to a USB, CD, or DVD.

  3. Boot your physical machine from that media and install oVirt Node.

Or Setup a Host

Instead of or in addition to oVirt Node, you can use a standard Enterprise Linux installation as a Host.

An Enterprise Linux Host (such as CentOS or RHEL), also known as an EL-based hypervisor or EL-based Host, is a standard basic installation of an Enterprise Linux operating system on a physical server upon which the hypervisor packages are installed.

  1. Install one of the supported operating systems (CentOS, RHEL, or Scientific Linux) on your Host and update it:

    sudo yum update -y
    # reboot if the kernel was updated
    
  2. Add the official oVirt repository:

    sudo yum install https://resources.ovirt.org/pub/yum-repo/ovirt-release43.rpm
    

See Chapter 7: Enterprise Linux Hosts for full installation instructions.

Attaching your Hosts

Once you have installed additional oVirt Nodes or EL Hosts, use the oVirt Administration Portal to add them to the Engine. Navigate to Compute → Hosts → New and enter the Host details. See Adding a Host to the oVirt Engine for detailed instructions.

Storage

oVirt uses a centralized storage system for Virtual Machine disk images, ISO files, and snapshots. Before you can install a Virtual Machine, storage must be attached.

Storage can be implemented using:

  • Network File System (NFS)

  • GlusterFS exports

  • iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface)

  • Local storage attached directly to the virtualization Hosts

  • Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP)

  • Parallel NFS (pNFS)

  • Other POSIX compliant file systems

Using the oVirt Administration Portal, navigate to Storage → Domains → New and enter the Storage details. See Configuring Storage and Storage Administration for guidance on configuring storage for your environment.

Install Virtual Machines

Once oVirt Engine is installed and you have added Hosts and configured storage, you can now install Virtual Machines!

See the Virtual Machine Management Guide for complete instructions.

For best Virtual Machine performance and accurate dashboard statistics, be sure to install the oVirt Guest Agent and Drivers for Linux [for Windows] in each Virtual Machine.

The following virtual machine guest operating systems are supported:

Operating System Architecture SPICE support [1]
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 - 6 32-bit, 64-bit Yes
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7+ 64-bit Yes
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10+ [2] 32-bit, 64-bit No
Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin LTS)+ [3] 32-bit, 64-bit Yes
Windows XP Service Pack 3 and newer 32-bit Yes
Windows 7 32-bit, 64-bit Yes
Windows 8 32-bit, 64-bit No
Windows 10 64-bit Yes
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 and newer 32-bit, 64-bit Yes
Windows Server 2008 32-bit, 64-bit Yes
Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit Yes
Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bit No
Windows Server 2016 64-bit No

[1] SPICE drivers (QXL) are not supplied by Red Hat. Distribution's vendor may provide SPICE drivers.
[2] select Other Linux for the guest type in the user interface
[3] not tested recently (?)

Consoles

The console is a graphical window that allows you to view and interact with the screen of a Virtual Machine. In oVirt, you can use a web-based console viewer or a desktop application (we recommend Remote Viewer). For Windows virtual machines, Remote Desktop Protocol is also available. See Installing Console Components, VNC Console Options, and and Browser Support and Mobile Clients for more information.


RPM Repositories and GPG keys

RPM repository for oVirt 4.3 - Latest stable release

See RPMs and GPG for older releases, nightlies, mirrors, and GPG keys.